【古民家レポ2】土間の居心地

  • 2018.01.12 Friday
  • 20:56

弊所には土間があります。

 

お仕事の日は昼食の食堂として、打合せ会場として使うのが主です。イベント開催時には会の中心になる大事な場所です。

最近あったイベントはベトナム旅行を振り返る報告会でした。

 

「ところで、土間って寒くないの?」良くあるQ&Aですね。正直に言いますが、うちの土間は寒いときもあります。今日は寒かったです。

今回は

・どれくらい寒いか

・どんな暖房器具を使っているか、それによって何℃あがるか

・寒い原因は何?

を書きます。

 

●どれくらい寒いか

どんな暖房器具を使っているか、それによって何℃あがるか

今日は雪の日。出勤時刻8:30の土間の気温は

4℃。すぐに薪ストーブ・灯油ストーブを焚きました。

 

ふたつは5mくらい離しています。

写真左にブルーシートが写っていますが、今日は左官さんが剥がれた土壁の補修に来てくれました。この状態で昼休みになり、もう一度気温をチェックすると

9℃! 5℃上がった!でも9℃!お昼ご飯は薪ストーブの側で食べます。できる限り精一杯近づきます。

この距離でなんとか暖をとる

 

そこから15:00

17:00

すっかり日が暮れた18:00

9℃をキープし続けました。

 

●寒い原因は何?

9℃以上には上がりませんでした。その原因は?私は4つ考えました。

 

1.隙間

襖と襖の間に隙間があります。この奥の座敷、さらに奥の縁側の板に隙間があり土間まで吹き込んでくるのです。

補修の最中の写真ですが、真壁の建物です。200年たった民家の柱・土壁の間には隙間があります。左官さんに補修してもらうのはこの隙間を埋めるのが目的でした。

 

2.気積が大きい

暖めなきゃいけない空気の量が多いということです。更に言うと、天井が高い。暖まった空気は上の方へ昇って行きます。人に触れる空気が暖まるのは最後です。なのでシーリングファンで空気を掻き混ぜようとしているのですが、(↓写真上部の中央にシーリングファンが付いているのが分かりますか?)左官さんの作業のため今日は止めていました。シーリングファンが回っているだけでも違う結果になっていたかもしれません。

 

3.ストーブの調子が...?

所長も言っていましたが、最近ストーブの調子が芳しくありません。暖まりにくい感じがする。側面に亀裂が入ったり、部品が欠けたりしています。

 

4.人の活動がミニマムレベルだった

例えば住宅だと料理、洗濯、掃除などの家事や生活の活動で人が動き回り温度・湿度が上がります。ところが今日は左官さんが1人黙々と作業してただけでした。実際に先月のカフェイベントで土間を使った際は寒さは全く感じませんでした。上着を着なくてもへっちゃらなくらいです。たくさんのお客さんがおり、かまどで鍋を焚くなどしていたからでしょう。

 

 

以上のことから一つずつ原因を潰していけば暖かくなるはず!断熱はされてるし!まず弊所では縁側板の隙間を塞ごうと計画中です。その様子もレポで書こうと思います。

 

(sio)

 

 

【古民家レポ1】かまどでご飯を炊く

  • 2018.01.06 Saturday
  • 21:27

うちの給湯室はこんなかんじ。

アイランドキッチンの奥にあるもの...そう!かまどです!

2口+1口で3連になっています。それぞれに1升の羽釜がセットできます。ところで貴方ははかまどでご飯を炊いたことがありますか?古民家、スローライフ、丁寧な暮らし...って正直面倒くさそう!現代生活の家事=時間との闘いなのよ!と心の中で叫んでしまう気持ち、わかります。私も自炊生活10年目を迎えますが、とにかく家事は合理的に限ります。だからこそ伝えたい、案外スローじゃない古民家設備の使い心地。第一回目は「かまど」です。

 

かまどでご飯を炊く段取りは5ステップ

1.米を研ぐ

2.水と米を羽釜に入れる

3.薪をくべる

4.着火

5.蒸らす

今回は4合炊きました。1〜5まですべて合わせて30分強でした。え、そんなに早く?と思いうでしょ。我が家のジャーは30分後の炊き上がり予約は拒絶しますよ。働きません。でもかまどなら...

前置きはこれくらいにして、はじめましょう!

実践は、スタッフ佐藤a.k.aゴハンタケルノミコト

 

○用意するもの

 

新聞紙/木の板/焚きつけの枝/ひばさみ/火消つぼ/ライター/軍手(慣れた人は不要。ミコトは使いませんでした)

火消つぼには消し炭が入っています。前にかまどを使った時、燃え尽きずに残った炭です。これの炭があれば安定した火を保つのが楽。無くでも大丈夫です。下準備として、新聞紙を4等分し、団子とバナナを2つずつ作ります。

右が団子、左がバナナです。球をイメージして丸めたものと、棒をイメージしたものを用意します。

1.米を研ぐ

米はボウルで研ぎます。いきなり羽釜に投入して羽釜ごとシンクで洗うのは厳禁!羽釜の底が濡れて薪が湿り、火がつきにくくなります。しかも羽釜の底は煤けているので、米を研ぐ手も真っ黒になります

となりのトトロでは、おばあちゃんは井戸端で羽釜ごと米とぎしていますが、古民家塾的にハラハラしてしまいますね...

 

2.水と米を羽釜に入れる

4合のお米に対し水の量は、4合×120%です。1合=180ccなので、180×4×1.2≒870ccです。

私の手の平を米に押し付けると、水面が手の甲の真ん中の高さくらいでした。

 

3.薪をくべる

まず板を壁のように立てます。

間に団子を2つ置きます。

上に枝を置きます。

羽釜をはずして上から見るとこんな感じ

最後に、煙突に向かってバナナを置きます

これで煙突に向かって上昇気流が生まれ、成功しやすくなります。

 

4.着火

給気口を開けて着火!

火をつけた新聞紙を投入するだけでひとりでに燃え広がります。羽釜とかまどの隙間からすこーし煙が出ます。外の煙突は...

モクモクとは程遠いわずかな煙。一番右の煙突がそれです。ここからは、火が消えないように薪や酸素を調節します。

音が「しゅーー」として来たら、水が沸騰しているサインです。蓋は絶対取っちゃダメ

給気口を調整してその場をはなれてもok. 15分くらいは手が離れます。

 

5.蒸らす

蓋の周りから湯気が立ち上り、「パチパチ」と小さく音がしてきたら、湯呑み一杯の水をかけます。

すぐに蓋をして、かまどのなかの炭を取り出します。火消つぼにIN!

このとき灰が舞い上がるのが厄介なポイント。火傷に注意!

薪の投入口を全開にしておきます。10分蒸らせば芯までふっくら!

炊けた〜!

水につけておくこともせず、ここまでふっくら仕上がるのはかまどならではです。

 

後片付け

すっかり火も消え、温度も下がったら羽釜はきれいに洗っておきます。

羽釜の表面、火があたっていたところは煤だらけなので、シンクが煤けます。爪の間に煤が入るのもちょっとヤなとこです。

かまどの中の灰は定期的に掃除が必要ですが5回程度は連続して快適に使えます。

今日は掃除不要っぽいです。

 

まとめ

かまどのいいところ

:30分で4合炊ける

:新聞紙1枚・板2枚・小枝数本と消し炭があればいい

:煙モクモクではない

:何となくおいしい気がする

かまどの残念なところ

:灰が舞う

:手が汚れる

:少量炊きには不向き

 

今回のレポは以上です。

(sio)

 

【古民家レポ】始めます

  • 2018.01.06 Saturday
  • 10:36

明けましておめでとうございます。

皆さん、お正月はどのように過ごされましたか?私は、「君たちはどう生きるか」のマンガを読みました。すごくよかったです!超おススメ!何よりマンガをゆっくり読む時間があるのが贅沢だなー^^と思いました。

そんな休みもあっという間に過ぎて、お仕事の日々スタートです。今年もよろしくお願いします。

 

さて、弊所は築200年の古民家を改修して設計事務所として使っています。縁側、床の間、土間、かまど、囲炉裏、薪ストーブ、五右衛門風呂完備。私たちが普段これらの設備をどのように使っているのか?どれくらい手間がかかる?クライアントには多数ご質問を頂きます。そこで2018年は【古民家レポ】シリーズの投稿を始めます。設備の使い方、手入れの仕方、楽しいこと・厄介なこと赤裸々にご紹介します!

 

土間には薪ストーブ、アイランドキッチン奥にはかまどがあります

 

古民家レポ1予告・かまどでご飯を炊く

です。

ご期待ください(^o^)

(sio)

JUGEMテーマ:古民家・田舎暮し

 

 

 

 

Beam’s story of Architect Intern in Kominka Life ‘Esumi Atelier’

  • 2017.12.21 Thursday
  • 09:58

夏に来ていたタイからのインターン生のビームちゃんから

日記が届いたので2回に分けて記載します。

 

 

 

 

At first, I wanted to experience new thing. I didn’t want to do my internship in Bangkok as I had to face a traffic jam and also a very hardship at work made me feel bored. Coming to Japan this time, I had to find my answer about; do I want to work in Japan? And do I really want to be an architect? So I did my portfolio for weeks and did my best! It was like collecting all my satisfied work although 4-5 works was enough for portfolio.

 

 About money, most were my savings. If I used this money, then I had no money to go to the USA. Making a decision!! At first, I sent my portfolio to 2 places that is in Tokyo and Osaka. But I waited for weeks, and I thought I would miss it. I asked my senior who had worked for Office Jigsaw for an advice. She told me to just send portfolio to many offices, I followed her advice and wrote a new CV as well. At the time I wrote my CV, I felt like I didn’t want to work as an architect that much, but I had to wrote like, I really wanted to do. I tried to find around Osaka and Tokyo. Trying to find a job that has an old house to work. I don’t like a hard work or feeling lonely. So that I decided not to send it to office in Tokyo because its largeness might make me feel not so good. There was 2 places I liked the most; in Tokyo: it was about old-styled house construction using clay to build its walls. And the other one was here, at Esumisan. There was a tiny house and work about old house. And also it was at a countryside There was Kominka. And there was an old-styled house which activate myself to come (Really desired an ancient things). Actually, I wanted to go to Kyoto since it was an old city and I knew about it more than other place, I really didn’t know about izumo and this region at all, but when I send an email to Esumisan, it replied so fast and send Visa application as well, delighted! Other offices replied me back then, but when thinking about this office, I thought I really wanted to come here.

 

Seeing pictures in a blog, I thought it would big. But the small one I saw was just a part of this big house, seemed it was a storage room in an old-styled house.

 


 

  

  

 

 First day I came to Izumo ! Esumisan picked me up at Izumo station and treated me ‘Japanese curry’ which I knew that included of meat but it was delicious and it was first meal, I could not eat it on time because Japanese food quite serve in big but I always slowly eat. First time I saw non-alcoholic beer of Asahi brand because I had seen only non-caffeine coffee. The day after, Taichirosan ordered a fried pork with rice ‘katsudon’ for me, I had to take more quickly time more than ever because of big size.

 

 I was surprised that Esumisan asked me to go to public bath ‘ Onzen ’ ,which is the important culture. I thought a lot ‘how to do inside’, ‘Esumisan have to wait me, right’. I just founded it is convenience that you can take a bath everywhere in Japan. In Kominka, we had to light the fire by firewood. But I preferred Esumisan teach me to light the fire under the traditional bath in kominka then I like this activity, getting rid of lots of no need paper, burn it out. I realized where the wood I used came from?, is it wasted?, safe the environment? actually I didn’t think when I use electric bath. I feel so good. The wood left from building house process. We use dried branch, newspaper, paper, corrugated paperboard, small wood and bigger wood, which provided main power. After that, I could put the ‘Imo’ in there for make the best ‘satsumaimo yaki’

 

 Esumisan  asked me about which kind of Architecture I would like, I wanted to tell again ‘old house - the house that has Identity from each culture and people’ and ‘housing’ so I chose Esumi Atelier. Esumisan also lend me a bicycle that I would like to buy. I was so happy to ride a bike among the field and mountain.

 

 

 Intern life started, in the morning of the first day, Esumisan and Taichirosan had to go to examine the house, thoroughly examine more than Thailand much, even tiny things, such as presenting of open tread detail, level of handle of curtain, cement around the house’s site, moreover bearing name tag in front of the house. The house and furniture were carefully designed together. In Thailand, talking with contractor also difficult.

 

 The day I went to see the very old house. That house was beautiful and seemed to be lively in the past, but disordered at present. It seemed it was not maintained for a long time, the big house was hardship to provide, user moved out, someone who live in also live near new house. The good house might be just the house that there were people live inside and happy together.

 

 In same week I went to see the project housing in process, frame and stud ‘light wood frame’ structure I had never seen before, since I have studied in Year 2 in the University. Because this structure was not famous in Thailand, furthermore, studying only at some universities. By the way, very famous in Japan.

 Week 2 start with cutting ‘chi-na’ to made the architecture model for the first time that came from China, the thickness was 3 mm, which was very hard for me, I had to use a lot of force more and more to cut by cutter about 100 times until I got pain. I tried to change tool to saw it was better but could not cut in some part. While I was cutting that, The TV show had come to use the place, so I had to work outside because of the disturbing sound. At this time, It seemed I was an illegal labour. Vice versa, I found the place among kitchen, garage and mill was great, there were 3 walls from different building. I like this place because one wall was mountain and ceiling was sky. The air came from nature. [ and the music can be turned on here.]

 


   


              All my work was cutting model. I love to cut furniture models, it was the work I did the most, which like an artwork, that could be think in reason and feeling at the same time. Furniture is small, cute and exactly making a feeling of space. I was more relieved when Esumisan said that ‘more than ‘nihon’’. In Thailand no one making it and putting in architecture model and also not designing together with architecture, it seemed client part to put it after. Esumi Atelier office gave me a freedom, seemed the deadline was the time a satisfying work.

 

 

During work time, I talked with Shiomisan most in exactly, Shiomisan gave me works and taught me about material, solution, food and absolutely Japanese language.

 



                 

                   Shiomisan taught me to cook rice in old stove’ Kamado’ but I felt it was a hard thing so I decided to bought an instant rice, just being heated up in microwave. So cook rice in Kamado by myself was just the day with Akochan. Actually, it was easy and made the meal be more delicious.

 My favourite food was Japanese rice in slightly sweet tofu(Ajitsuke Abura Age) ’inari sushi’, which Taichirosan taught me to make it, so delicious that I could make it more and more. Mix the rice with salt, sugar and vinegar, and clod it in size of handful, and put the rice into the sweet tofu. Other food was vegetable like grilled mushroom, grilled eggplant and fried cow-pea. Hambasan realized that I liked vegetable and I also saw that Japanese did not eat meat much in everyday life. Vegetable and tofu in Japanese was very fresh and good quality.

 

 Even though I didn’t cook good meal by myself but I enjoyed to see Shiomisan and Esumisan cooked lunch by themselves. I thought it was complicated and don’t be pity on me lol. Yamazaki bread with butter and milk was perfect couple in the morning. Soba was the food I liked but I also brought it into microwave, wrong way but easy way, cannot compare with one that Taichirosan made. Taichirosan also cooked a delicious ‘Taichiro’s Kare’ for us.

Beam’s story of Architect Intern in Kominka Life ‘Esumi Atelier’

  • 2017.12.06 Wednesday
  • 13:22

夏に来ていたタイからのインターン生のビームちゃんから

日記が届いたので2回に分けて記載します。

 

 

earliest stage, I had been to Japan, I  didnt expect to feel the cold weather because it was near summer season. But it was wrong, very cold. Another reason was the office was among the mountains. Shiomisan lent me coat and blanket. Moreover, I just muttered to Taichirosan that here, very coldthen Taichirosan brought me an electric blanket, which was the best thing ever, although I didnt expect that much.

 

 Besides, I wanted to stroll around place but the cold weather in the morning forced me to stay in the electric blangket. I would have binded myself by blanket to go outside if it was possible. Second half, I just be used to.

My new arrival, taichirosan had doubt a lot. And asked the reason to know that Taichirosan was tired of Tokyo, I was tired of Bangkok. And Taichirosan like the countryside and old house. Feeling as if I found someone going in the same way, but also having a question that ‘we like the countryside or escape from the city?’ Finally found the answer didn't just only like.

 

 I loved to go outside, staying only in a house was quite boring for me, so I honestly said without any anticipate to Hambasan in natural honey toast tabetaine, then Hambasan brought me to café and told me to wait at Itoan for Taichirosan to picking me up, I could not do anything by myself much, after that day, I went there many times. Recently, Taichirosan brought me outside with his good-natured until I told him that I didn’t want to disturb him that much. However, The situation didn’t going that way. We should take the time for the best. We made the new experience lots.

 

 

 I always finished working before the others. Going to supermarket alone in the evening by bicycle, at the first time, I asked a old man man with white pick-up truck at the intersection be some distance across orange nursery. The man looked fierce but kind, he drove his car and pointed me the supermarket location. By the way, I dare not to greet because of the fierce look.

One day, after finished working, I rode a bike around Izumo town and only thought about riding, so I didnt notice that I should go back to Esumi Atelier early before the sunset. Unanticipated, I got lost my way and found the new route among dark mountains. The atmosphere was dark and quiet among field and mountain. I was so scared, and called someone to talk with to make myself feel better until I arrived. At the atelier Taichirosan still worked there so I asked him to live inside the office room, it was the most scaring and terrifying day.

  


 

 While I was alone, the power failure happened. I was frightened and tried to find the problem, neither washing machine nor microwave. And the day after, it happened again, Taichirosan just cut safe-T-cut without difficulty and worried. I see in this way.

 

 Snacks in japan, I felt that it was small piece and quite sweet. I imagined about green tea matchaceremony that take a small piece and little tea. So I guess like that.

 

 ‘put shoes on and take shoes offwas quite important culture of Japanese that cannot be seen in Thai culture. I saw Japanese changed many shoes and also directly put shoes on from shoes to shoes. The shoes were also in front of the restroom, which cannot lock the door, was signed in a meaning of someone in the restroom’.

 


 In Week 3, German guest of guest house had come to Kominka. That Friday had a Mochiworkshop, the new year food of Japanese. I  was blissful that I had seen  the process since sticky rice streaming, pounding, molding and eating, which have two style dip sauces, soy sauce with sugar satou-shoyuand powdered soy beankinago’. Old-styled stove Irori was used once when I stayed here. It gave a very old feeling and interesting. Mochis were grilled in Irori and got more delicious. German guests also talked with Esumisan and others to exchange the culture.

  


 

 

 Actually, I didnt observe the trees around the house much. Once I saw the plum fruit in front and told Esumisan and Shiomisan, they told me to make the plum syrup by crystalline sugar taking just 3-4 days. The syrup was a good smell and little sour. In Japanese style, it’s just mixed with ice and water, but Thai people usually add little more salt.

 

 Before I left this place, the side of the house, there was berries. But all the time I didnt notice about it. It was just a green and I was excited when I first saw them. I waited to see violet color. And around the berry tree, there was a basil. In the back of the house also had a small farm of Esumisan which he usually spent the afternoon to take care of it. There were egg plants and tomatoes.


  Esumisan taught me to feed gold fish kinyoand guppy in front of the house. The food of guppy is smaller than gold fish’s. When I feed them, Kinyo always came to eat and turn back to hide from me in a hurry. Once the weather became very hot, many of guppy died. It was very sad. We had to move the fish pond to be inside and for the dead guppy, Shiomisan brought them into the soil and  sticked chopstick on top of it.

  


 


 Harada San, who listened to my lecture and felt good about Thailand. He picked me up to Mu ryo ju joutemple in Hyogo Prefecture, which it had a spectacular architecture and sculpture.  The concentrated Bhuddism I have seen in Japan. It seemed to be the ancient temple, but it was actually built just a few years also including photos of king Bhumipol and was hard to find the information in Thai language. The way I go was much faster but expensive. It was the road of Japan express which can be admirable.

  


 

 

 The last day here had made me feel a little nervous. I apologized to everyone. Even though I knew that, everyone intended to make the good party. But why still be so upset? I don’t understand myself neither. I went to backyards, looked out faraway and returned home. I had no reason to be upset at all. It would make everyone feel uncomfortable. When I cheerfully came back. i came to enjoy the party. The meal was very in a good preparation. I was so happy that Esumisan used a baking oven in front of the house and everybody made a good meal and good time together.

 

 At the last of period I had interested in Old-tradional Japanese housing. I found it was very cute and had a lot of stories and amazing details. I wanted to research about that more and more such as the garden in the house, the narrow circulation in semi-public space like as En-ga-wa, the wall is the same as the door and the priority of entrance as I first knew and saw in Iwami Ginzan’.

 I liked the life that I slept quickly and woke up early for almost 2 month (healthy life), even if later I slept so late because I had to send some works to the advisor in Thailand who accepted me as an advisee when the selected topics contest started.

 For the question I asked myself about being an architect? Do I want to work in Japan? Before work, In spite of that, I don’t think I do. But now I changed my mind, then I still don’t know that I want to be an architect. But more important things have come a lot --an inspiration’. The kominka have taught me the quality of life is and more than I think I could get. So as to inspire me to create an opened, beautiful and clean space.

  

 

The End